A review and synthesis of recreation ecology research supporting carrying capacity and visitor use management decisionmaking

Journal of Forestry
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Abstract

Resource and experiential impacts associated with visitation to wilderness and other similar backcountry settings have long been addressed by land managers under the context of “carrying capacity” decisionmaking. Determining a maximum level of allowable use, below which high-quality resource and experiential conditions would be sustained, was an early focus in the 1960s and 1970s. However, decades of recreation ecology research have shown that the severity and areal extent of visitor impact problems are influenced by an interrelated array of use-related, environmental, and managerial factors. This complexity, with similar findings from social science research, prompted scientists and managers to develop more comprehensive carrying capacity frameworks, including a new Visitor Use Management framework. These frameworks rely on a diverse array of management strategies and actions, often termed a “management toolbox,” for resolving visitor impact problems. This article reviews the most recent and relevant recreation ecology studies that have been applied in wildland settings to avoid or minimize resource impacts. The key findings and their management implications are highlighted to support the professional management of common trail, recreation site, and wildlife impact problems. These studies illustrate the need to select from a more diverse array of impact management strategies and actions based on an evaluation of problems to identify the most influential factors that can be manipulated.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title A review and synthesis of recreation ecology research supporting carrying capacity and visitor use management decisionmaking
Series title Journal of Forestry
DOI 10.5849/jof.15-062
Volume 114
Issue 3
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher Society of American Foresters
Publisher location Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
First page 339
Last page 351
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N