Special issue “The phreatic eruption of Mt. Ontake volcano in 2014”

Earth, Planets and Space
By: , and 

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Abstract

Mt. Ontake volcano erupted at 11:52 on September 27, 2014, claiming the lives of at least 58 hikers. This eruption was the worst volcanic disaster in Japan since the 1926 phreatic eruption of Mt. Tokachidake claimed 144 lives (Table 1). The timing of the eruption contributed greatly to the heavy death toll: near midday, when many hikers were near the summit, and during a weekend of clear weather conditions following several rainy weekends. The importance of this timing is reflected by the fact that a somewhat larger eruption of Mt. Ontake in 1979 resulted in injuries but no deaths. In 2014, immediate precursors were detected with seismometers and tiltmeters about 10 min before the eruption, but the eruption started before a warning was issued.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Special issue “The phreatic eruption of Mt. Ontake volcano in 2014”
Series title Earth, Planets and Space
DOI 10.1186/s40623-016-0548-4
Volume 68
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) National Research Program - Western Branch
Description Article 175; 8 p.