Estimating 40 years of nitrogen deposition in global biomes using the SCIAMACHY NO2 column

International Journal of Remote Sensing
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Abstract

Owing to human activity, global nitrogen (N) cycles have been altered. In the past 100 years, global N deposition has increased. Currently, the monitoring and estimating of N deposition and the evaluation of its effects on global carbon budgets are the focus of many researchers. NO2 columns retrieved by space-borne sensors provide us with a new way of exploring global N cycles and these have the ability to estimate N deposition. However, the time range limitation of NO2 columns makes the estimation of long timescale N deposition difficult. In this study we used ground-based NOx emission data to expand the density of NO2columns, and 40 years of N deposition (1970–2009) was inverted using the multivariate linear model with expanded NO2 columns. The dynamic of N deposition was examined in both global and biome scales. The results show that the average N deposition was 0.34 g N m–2 year–1 in the 2000s, which was an increase of 38.4% compared with the 1970s’. The total N deposition in different biomes is unbalanced. N deposition is only 38.0% of the global total in forest biomes; this is made up of 25.9%, 11.3, and 0.7% in tropical, temperate, and boreal forests, respectively. As N-limited biomes, there was little increase of N deposition in boreal forests. However, N deposition has increased by a total of 59.6% in tropical forests and croplands, which are N-rich biomes. Such characteristics may influence the effects on global carbon budgets.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Estimating 40 years of nitrogen deposition in global biomes using the SCIAMACHY NO2 column
Series title International Journal of Remote Sensing
DOI 10.1080/01431161.2016.1225178
Volume 37
Issue 20
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Contributing office(s) Western Geographic Science Center
Description 15 p.
First page 4964
Last page 4978