Infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN) is one of the most important viral diseases of salmon and trout reared in culture. The disease remains untreatable with avoidance being the only control measure. Much has been learned about the chemical, physical, and serological characteristics of the rhabdovirus causing IHN, but critical gaps exist in our understanding of the biology of the virus in nature. The tools of molecular biology have provided improved methods for detection of pathogens and new strategies for control of viral diseases. This paper reviews several recent improvements in methods for detecting infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus including the application of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, development of monoclonal antibodies and DNA probes, and use of the polymerase chain reaction. New strategies for control of IHN through the use of better water treatment, more resistant fish, antiviral drugs or chemicals, and new generation vaccines are discussed.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Recent advances in detection and control of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus in aquaculture|
|Series title||Annual Review of Fish Diseases|
|Contributing office(s)||Western Fisheries Research Center|