Using management to address vegetation stress related to land-use and climate change

Restoration Ecology
By: , and 

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Abstract

While disturbances such as fire, cutting, and grazing can be an important part of the conservation of natural lands, some adjustments to management designed to mimic natural disturbance may be necessary with ongoing and projected climate change. Stressed vegetation that is incapable of regeneration will be difficult to maintain if adults are experiencing mortality, and/or if their early life-history stages depend on disturbance. A variety of active management strategies employing disturbance are suggested, including resisting, accommodating, or directing vegetation change by manipulating management intensity and frequency. Particularly if land-use change is the main cause of vegetation stress, amelioration of these problems using management may help vegetation resist change (e.g. strategic timing of water release if a water control structure is available). Managers could direct succession by using management to push vegetation toward a new state. Despite the historical effects of management, some vegetation change will not be controllable as climates shift, and managers may have to accept some of these changes. Nevertheless, proactive measures may help managers achieve important conservation goals in the future.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Using management to address vegetation stress related to land-use and climate change
Series title Restoration Ecology
DOI 10.1111/rec.12507
Volume 25
Issue 3
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher Society for Ecological Restoration
Publisher location Cambridge, MA
Contributing office(s) Wetland and Aquatic Research Center
Description 4 p.
First page 326
Last page 329