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Water withdrawals and trends in ground-water levels and stream discharge in Louisiana

Technical Report
By: , and 

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Abstract

In 2000, approximately 10,400 mgal/d (million gallons per day) of water was withdrawn from ground- and surface-water sources in Louisiana, an increase of 10 percent from 1990. In 2000, about 16 percent (1,600 Mgal/d) of the water withdrawn was ground water. Approximately 93 percent of the ground water withdrawn was from four aquifers or aquifer systems: the Chicot aquifer system (49 percent), the Mississippi River alluvial aquifer (22 percent), the Sparta aquifer (4 percent), and the Southern Hills aquifer system (18 percent). Three of these, the Chicot aquifer system, the Sparta aquifer, and the Southern Hills aquifer system, contain areas where declines in ground-water levels from 1990-2000 are 1 ft/yr (foot per year) or greater. The Chicot aquifer system in southwestern Louisiana is the most heavily pumped aquifer or aquifer system in the State. By 2000, water levels in areas of Calcasieu, Jefferson Davis, and Acadia Parishes had declined to 50 feet or more below sea level. Water levels in areas of largest withdrawals declined as much as 1.7 ft/yr during the period 1990-2000. The Sparta aquifer in north-central Louisiana is the fourth most heavily pumped aquifer in the State. Approximately 68.2 Mgal/d was withdrawn in 2000. Water levels in the aquifer declined to more than 200 feet below sea level in the Monroe area by 1997. During 1990-2000, water level declines ranged from 0.1 to 5.2 ft/yr at monitor wells screened in the aquifer. The Southern Hills aquifer system of southeastern Louisiana is composed of numerous freshwater aquifers. This aquifer system is the third most heavily pumped aquifer or aquifer system in the State (291 Mgal/d in 2000). By the 1970's saltwater encroachment had been documented in major aquifers in the Baton Rouge area. Water levels in deep aquifers having largest withdrawals declined about 0.2 to 3.5 ft/yr or more during the period 1990-2000. In 2000, about 84 percent (8,700 Mgal/d) of the water withdrawn in Louisiana was surface water. Stream discharge data were analyzed for 59 continuous discharge stations. Eleven stations on nine streams had decreasing mean annual discharge during the period 1990-2000.

Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype Other Government Series
Title Water withdrawals and trends in ground-water levels and stream discharge in Louisiana
Series title Technical Report
Volume 68
Year Published 2002
Language English
Publisher Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development, Office of Public Works
Publisher location Baton Rouge, LA
Country United States
State Louisiana
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