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Nocturnal insect availability in bottomland hardwood forests managed for wildlife in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley

Forest Ecology and Management

By:
, , and
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2017.02.009

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Abstract

Silviculture used to alter forest structure and thereby enhance wildlife habitat has been advocated for bottomland hardwood forest management on public conservation lands in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley. Although some songbirds respond positively to these management actions to attain desired forest conditions for wildlife, the response of other species, is largely unknown. Nocturnal insects are a primary prey base for bats, thereby influencing trophic interactions within hardwood forests. To better understand how silviculture influences insect availability for bats, we conducted vegetation surveys and sampled insect biomass within silviculturally treated bottomland hardwood forest stands. We used passive blacklight traps to capture nocturnal flying insects in 64 treated and 64 untreated reference stands, located on 15 public conservation areas in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Dead wood and silvicultural treatments were positively associated with greater biomass of macro-Lepidoptera, macro-Coleoptera, and all insect taxa combined. Biomass of micro-Lepidoptera was negatively associated with silvicultural treatment but comprised only a small proportion of total biomass. Understanding the response of nocturnal insects to wildlife-forestry silviculture provides insight for prescribed silvicultural management affecting bat species.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Nocturnal insect availability in bottomland hardwood forests managed for wildlife in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley
Series title:
Forest Ecology and Management
DOI:
10.1016/j.foreco.2017.02.009
Volume:
391
Year Published:
2017
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description:
8 p.
First page:
127
Last page:
134
Country:
United States
State:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi
Other Geospatial:
Mississippi alluvial valley