By: , and 
Edited by: F. Richard Hauer and G. A. Lamberti



Stream temperature has direct and indirect effects on stream ecology and is critical in determining both abiotic and biotic system responses across a hierarchy of spatial and temporal scales. Temperature variation is primarily driven by solar radiation, while landscape topography, geology, and stream reach scale ecosystem processes contribute to local variability. Spatiotemporal heterogeneity in freshwater ecosystems influences habitat distributions, physiological functions, and phenology of all aquatic organisms. In this chapter we provide an overview of methods for monitoring stream temperature, characterization of thermal profiles, and modeling approaches to stream temperature prediction. Recent advances in temperature monitoring allow for more comprehensive studies of the underlying processes influencing annual variation of temperatures and how thermal variability may impact aquatic organisms at individual, population, and community based scales. Likewise, the development of spatially explicit predictive models provide a framework for simulating natural and anthropogenic effects on thermal regimes which is integral for sustainable management of freshwater systems.
Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Temperature
Chapter 6
Edition 3rd
Volume 1
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Publisher location San Diego, CA
Contributing office(s) Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description 12 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Title Methods in stream ecology
First page 109
Last page 120
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