Assessing the influence of sustainable trail design and maintenance on soil loss

Journal of Environmental Management
By:  and 



Natural-surfaced trail systems are an important infrastructure component providing a means for accessing remote protected natural area destinations. The condition and usability of trails is a critical concern of land managers charged with providing recreational access while preserving natural conditions, and to visitors seeking high quality recreational opportunities and experiences. While an adequate number of trail management publications provide prescriptive guidance for designing, constructing, and maintaining natural-surfaced trails, surprisingly little research has been directed at providing a scientific basis for this guidance. Results from a review of the literature and three scientific studies are presented to model and clarify the influence of factors that substantially influence trail soil loss and that can be manipulated by trail professionals to sustain high traffic while minimizing soil loss over time. Key factors include trail grade, slope alignment angle, tread drainage features, and the amount of rock in tread substrates. A new Trail Sustainability Rating is developed and offered as a tool for evaluating or improving the sustainability of existing or new trails.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Assessing the influence of sustainable trail design and maintenance on soil loss
Series title Journal of Environmental Management
DOI 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.11.074
Volume 189
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 12 p.
First page 46
Last page 57
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