Can ozone be used to control the spread of freshwater Aquatic Invasive Species?

Management of Biological Invasions
By: , and 

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Abstract

The introduction of aquatic invasive species to non-native habitats can cause negative ecological effects and also billions of dollars in economic damage to governments and private industries. Once aquatic invasive species are introduced, eradication may be difficult without adversely affecting native species and habitats, urging resource managers to find preventative methods to protect non-invaded areas. The use of ozone (O3) as a non-physical barrier has shown promise as it is lethal to a wide range of aquatic taxa, requires a short contact time, and is relatively environmentally safe in aquatic systems when compared to other chemicals. However, before O3 can be considered as an approach to prevent the spread of aquatic invasive species, its effects on non-target organisms and already established aquatic invasive species must be fully evaluated. A review of the current literature was conducted to summarize data regarding the effects of O3 on aquatic taxa including fish, macroinvertebrates, zooplankton, phytoplankton, microbes, and pathogens. In addition, we assessed the practicality of ozone applications to control the movement of aquatic invasive species, and identified data gaps concerning the use of O3 as a non-physical barrier in field applications.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Can ozone be used to control the spread of freshwater Aquatic Invasive Species?
Series title Management of Biological Invasions
DOI 10.3391/mbi.2017.8.1.02
Volume 8
Issue 1
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre (REABIC)
Contributing office(s) Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Description 12 p.
First page 13
Last page 24