Occurrence of neonicotinoid insecticides in finished drinking water and fate during drinking water treatment

Environmental Science & Technology Letters
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Abstract

Neonicotinoid insecticides are widespread in surface waters across the agriculturally-intensive Midwestern US. We report for the first time the presence of three neonicotinoids in finished drinking water and demonstrate their general persistence during conventional water treatment. Periodic tap water grab samples were collected at the University of Iowa over seven weeks in 2016 (May-July) after maize/soy planting. Clothianidin, imidacloprid, and thiamethoxam were ubiquitously detected in finished water samples and ranged from 0.24-57.3 ng/L. Samples collected along the University of Iowa treatment train indicate no apparent removal of clothianidin and imidacloprid, with modest thiamethoxam removal (~50%). In contrast, the concentrations of all neonicotinoids were substantially lower in the Iowa City treatment facility finished water using granular activated carbon (GAC) filtration. Batch experiments investigated potential losses. Thiamethoxam losses are due to base-catalyzed hydrolysis at high pH conditions during lime softening. GAC rapidly and nearly completely removed all three neonicotinoids. Clothianidin is susceptible to reaction with free chlorine and may undergo at least partial transformation during chlorination. Our work provides new insights into the persistence of neonicotinoids and their potential for transformation during water treatment and distribution, while also identifying GAC as an effective management tool to lower neonicotinoid concentrations in finished drinking water.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Occurrence of neonicotinoid insecticides in finished drinking water and fate during drinking water treatment
Series title Environmental Science & Technology Letters
DOI 10.1021/acs.estlett.7b00081
Edition 168
Volume 4
Issue 5
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher ACS Publications
Contributing office(s) California Water Science Center
Description 6 p.
First page 173