Importance of model parameterization in finite fault inversions: Application to the 1974 Mw 8.0 Peru Earthquake

Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth
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Abstract

The spatial and temporal slip distributions for the October 3, 1974 (Mw = 8.0), Peru subduction zone earthquake and its largest aftershock on November 9 (Ms = 7.1) are calculated and analyzed in terms of the inversion parameterization and tectonic significance. Teleseismic, long-period World-Wide Standard Seismograph Network, P and SH waveforms are inverted to obtain the rupture histories. We demonstrate that erroneous results are obtained if a parameterization is used that does not allow for a sufficiently complex source, involving spatial variation in slip amplitude, risetime, and rupture time. The inversion method utilizes a parameterization of the fault that allows for a discretized source risetime and rupture time. Well-located aftershocks recorded on a local network have the same general pattern as teleseismically determined hypocenters and help to constrain the geometry of the subduction zone. For the main shock a hinged fault is preferred having a shallow plane with a dip of 11° and a deeper, landward plane with a dip of 30°. The preferred nucleation depth lies between 11 and 15 km. A bilateral rupture is obtained with two major concentrations of slip, one 60 to 70 km to the northwest of the epicenter and a second 80 to 100 km to the south and southeast of the epicenter. For these source regions, risetimes vary from 6 to 18 s. Our estimates of risetimes are consistent with the time for the rupture to traverse the dominant local asperity. The slip distribution for the November 9 aftershock falls within a conspicuous hole in the main shock rupture pattern, near the hypocenter of the main shock. The November 9 event has a simple risetime function with a duration of 2 s. Aftershocks recorded by the local network are shown to cluster near the hypocenter of the impending November 9 event and downdip from the largest main shock source region. Slip during the main shock is concentrated at shallow depths above 15 km and extends updip from the hypocenter to near the plate boundary at the trench axis. The large amount of slip at shallow depths is attributed to the absence of any significant accretionary wedge of sediments, and the relatively young age and high convergence rate of the subducted plate, which results in good seismic coupling near the trench axis.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Importance of model parameterization in finite fault inversions: Application to the 1974 Mw 8.0 Peru Earthquake
Series title Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth
DOI 10.1029/93JB02453
Volume 98
Issue B12
Year Published 1993
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Description 12 p.
First page 22123
Last page 22134