The role of magmas in the formation of hydrothermal ore deposits

Nature
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Abstract

Magmatic fluids, both vapour and hypersaline liquid, are a primary source of many components in hydrothermal ore deposits formed in volcanic arcs. These components, including metals and their ligands, become concentrated in magmas in various ways from various sources, including subducted oceanic crust. Leaching of rocks also contributes components to the hydrothermal fluid—a process enhanced where acid magmatic vapours are absorbed by deeply circulating meteoric waters. Advances in understanding the hydrothermal systems that formed these ore deposits have come from the study of their active equivalents, represented at the surface by hot springs and volcanic fumaroles.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title The role of magmas in the formation of hydrothermal ore deposits
Series title Nature
DOI 10.1038/370519a0
Volume 370
Year Published 1994
Language English
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Contributing office(s) Volcano Hazards Program
Description 9 p.
First page 519
Last page 527
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