Identification of Marbon in the Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal

Environmental Science & Technology
By: , and 



Marbon is isomeric with Dechlorane Plus (DP). Both are produced by the Diels− Alder condensation of hexachlorocyclopentadiene with cyclic dienes, and both have elemental compositions of C18H12Cl12. Dechlorane Plus is commonly found in the environment throughout the world, but Marbon has, so far, only been detected at low levels in one sediment core collected near the mouth of the Niagara River in Lake Ontario. Here we report on the concentrations of Marbon and anti-DP in 59 water samples from five Lake Michigan tributaries [the Grand, Kalamazoo, St. Joseph, and Lower Fox Rivers, and the Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal (IHSC)], 10 surface sediment samples from the IHSC, and 2 surface sediment samples from the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal. Three Marbon diastereomers were detected in the water and sediment samples from the IHSC, which is far from the location of its previous detection in Lake Ontario. The sum of the concentrations of the three Marbons was greater in the water from the IHSC (N = 11, median =150 pg/L) compared to those in water from the other four tributaries (N = 11−13, medians =0.9−2.0 pg/L). Marbon concentrations in sediment samples from the IHSC were up to 450 ng/g dry weight. Anti-DP was also measured for comparison. Its concentrations were not significantly different among the water samples, but its sediment concentrations in the IHSC were significantly correlated with those of Marbon. The source of Marbon contamination in the IHSC is not clear.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Identification of Marbon in the Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal
Series title Environmental Science & Technology
DOI 10.1021/acs.est.6b04646
Volume 50
Issue 24
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher American Chemical Society
Publisher location Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s) Wisconsin Water Science Center
Description 7 p.
First page 13232
Last page 13238
Country United States
State Indiana
Other Geospatial Indiana Harbor, Ship Canal
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