Transport, dam passage, and size selection of adult Atlantic Salmon in the Penobscot River, Maine

North American Journal of Fisheries Management
By: , and 

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Abstract

Prior to 2012, returning adult Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar had to pass through fishways at three dams in the lower section of the Penobscot River, Maine: Veazie Dam (river kilometer [rkm] 48; removed in 2013), Great Works Dam (rkm 60; removed in 2012), and Milford Dam (rkm 62). To facilitate better passage through the lower river, a fish transport program was implemented in 2010 and 2011. Fish were captured at Veazie Dam and were either transported by truck above Milford Dam (TRKD group) or released into the head pond above Veazie Dam (run-of-the-river [ROR] group). To assess the efficacy of transport, we used PIT telemetry to compare the performance and passage of TRKD and ROR fish based on their (1) success in reaching one of the three dams upstream of Milford Dam, (2) time taken to reach an upstream dam (transit time), and (3) success in passing that upstream dam. In both years, the percentage of fish detected at upstream dams was higher for the TRKD group (82.4% in 2010; 78.6% in 2011) than for the ROR group (41.3% in 2010; 22.4% in 2011). In addition, median transit time was faster for TRKD fish (7 d in 2010; 5 d in 2011) than for ROR fish (23 d in 2010; 25 d in 2011). However, passage success through the upstream dams did not differ between the two release groups. Our analysis also revealed a strong, negative size-selective force on dam passage: larger fish were consistently less likely to successfully pass dams than smaller fish. Finally, environmental conditions also influenced passage success. Our analysis shows that the transport of adult Atlantic Salmon can be an effective means by which to increase migration success in systems where upstream passage is poor.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Transport, dam passage, and size selection of adult Atlantic Salmon in the Penobscot River, Maine
Series title North American Journal of Fisheries Management
DOI 10.1080/02755947.2015.1099578
Volume 35
Issue 6
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Leetown
Description 13 p.
First page 1164
Last page 1176
Country United States
State Maine
Other Geospatial Penobscot River basin
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