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Using decision analysis to support proactive management of emerging infectious wildlife diseases

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

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https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.1481

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Abstract

Despite calls for improved responses to emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, management is seldom considered until a disease has been detected in affected populations. Reactive approaches may limit the potential for control and increase total response costs. An alternative, proactive management framework can identify immediate actions that reduce future impacts even before a disease is detected, and plan subsequent actions that are conditional on disease emergence. We identify four main obstacles to developing proactive management strategies for the newly discovered salamander pathogen Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal). Given that uncertainty is a hallmark of wildlife disease management and that associated decisions are often complicated by multiple competing objectives, we advocate using decision analysis to create and evaluate trade-offs between proactive (pre-emergence) and reactive (post-emergence) management options. Policy makers and natural resource agency personnel can apply principles from decision analysis to improve strategies for countering emerging infectious diseases.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
Using decision analysis to support proactive management of emerging infectious wildlife diseases
Series title:
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
DOI:
10.1002/fee.1481
Volume:
15
Issue:
4
Year Published:
2017
Language:
English
Publisher:
The Ecological Society of America
Contributing office(s):
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Forest and Rangeland Ecosys Science Center, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center, Fort Collins Science Center, National Wildlife Health Center
Description:
8 p.
First page:
214
Last page:
221
Country:
United States