A probabilistic assessment of undiscovered resources in porphyry copper deposits in the Central Tethys region of Turkey, the Caucasus, Iran, western Pakistan, and southern Afghanistan was conducted as part of a U.S.G.S. global mineral resource assessment. The purpose was to delineate areas as permissive tracts for the occurrence of porphyry Cu-Mo and Cu-Au deposits, and to provide estimates of amounts of Cu, Mo, and Au likely to be contained in undiscovered porphyry deposits (Zürcher et al., 2013; Zürcher et al., in review). Tectonic, geologic, geochemical, geochronologic, and ore deposits data compiled and analyzed for this assessment show that magmatism in the region can be rationalized in terms of fundamental plate tectonic principles, including mantle-involved post-subduction processes. However, uplift, erosion, subsidence, and burial of porphyry copper deposits also played an important role in shaping the observed metallogenic patterns.