Control of invasive weeds with prescribed burning

Weed Technology
By: , and 

Links

Abstract

Prescribed burning has primarily been used as a tool for the control of invasive late-season annual broadleaf and grass species, particularly yellow starthistle, medusahead, barb goatgrass, and several bromes. However, timely burning of a few invasive biennial broadleaves (e.g., sweetclover and garlic mustard), perennial grasses (e.g., bluegrasses and smooth brome), and woody species (e.g., brooms and Chinese tallow tree) also has been successful. In many cases, the effectiveness of prescribed burning can be enhanced when incorporated into an integrated vegetation management program. Although there are some excellent examples of successful use of prescribed burning for the control of invasive species, a limited number of species have been evaluated. In addition, few studies have measured the impact of prescribed burning on the long-term changes in plant communities, impacts to endangered plant species, effects on wildlife and insect populations, and alterations in soil biology, including nutrition, mycorrhizae, and hydrology. In this review, we evaluate the current state of knowledge on prescribed burning as a tool for invasive weed management.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Control of invasive weeds with prescribed burning
Series title Weed Technology
DOI 10.1614/WT-05-086R1.1
Volume 20
Issue 2
Year Published 2006
Language English
Publisher Weed Science Society of America
Contributing office(s) Western Ecological Research Center
Description 14 p.
First page 535
Last page 548