Geoelectric fields at the Earth's surface caused by magnetic storms constitute a hazard to the operation of electric power grids and related infrastructure. The ability to estimate these geoelectric fields in close to real time and provide local predictions would better equip the industry to mitigate negative impacts on their operations. Here we report progress toward this goal: development of robust algorithms that convolve a magnetic storm time series with a frequency domain impedance for a realistic three-dimensional (3-D) Earth, to estimate the local, storm time geoelectric field. Both frequency domain and time domain approaches are presented and validated against storm time geoelectric field data measured in Japan. The methods are then compared in the context of a real-time application.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Methodology for time-domain estimation of storm time geoelectric fields using the 3-D magnetotelluric response tensors|
|Series title||Space Weather|
|Contributing office(s)||Geologic Hazards Science Center|