Forecast first: An argument for groundwater modeling in reverse




Numerical groundwater models are important compo-nents of groundwater analyses that are used for makingcritical decisions related to the management of ground-water resources. In this support role, models are oftenconstructed to serve a specific purpose that is to provideinsights, through simulation, related to a specific func-tion of a complex aquifer system that cannot be observeddirectly (Anderson et al. 2015).

For any given modeling analysis, several modelinput datasets must be prepared. Herein, the datasetsrequired to simulate the historical conditions are referredto as the calibration model, and the datasets requiredto simulate the model’s purpose are referred to as theforecast model. Future groundwater conditions or otherunobserved aspects of the groundwater system may besimulated by the forecast model—the outputs of interestfrom the forecast model represent the purpose of themodeling analysis. Unfortunately, the forecast model,needed to simulate the purpose of the modeling analysis,is seemingly an afterthought—calibration is where themajority of time and effort are expended and calibrationis usually completed before the forecast model is evenconstructed. Herein, I am proposing a new groundwatermodeling workflow, referred to as the “forecast first”workflow, where the forecast model is constructed at anearlier stage in the modeling analysis and the outputsof interest from the forecast model are evaluated duringsubsequent tasks in the workflow.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Forecast first: An argument for groundwater modeling in reverse
Series title Groundwater
DOI 10.1111/gwat.12558
Volume 55
Issue 5
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Contributing office(s) Texas Water Science Center
Description 5 p.
First page 660
Last page 664
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