Bias correction of bounded location errors in presence-only data

Methods in Ecology and Evolution
By: , and 

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Abstract

  1. Location error occurs when the true location is different than the reported location. Because habitat characteristics at the true location may be different than those at the reported location, ignoring location error may lead to unreliable inference concerning species–habitat relationships.
  2. We explain how a transformation known in the spatial statistics literature as a change of support (COS) can be used to correct for location errors when the true locations are points with unknown coordinates contained within arbitrary shaped polygons.
  3. We illustrate the flexibility of the COS by modelling the resource selection of Whooping Cranes (Grus americana) using citizen contributed records with locations that were reported with error. We also illustrate the COS with a simulation experiment.
  4. In our analysis of Whooping Crane resource selection, we found that location error can result in up to a five-fold change in coefficient estimates. Our simulation study shows that location error can result in coefficient estimates that have the wrong sign, but a COS can efficiently correct for the bias.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Bias correction of bounded location errors in presence-only data
Series title Methods in Ecology and Evolution
DOI 10.1111/2041-210X.12793
Volume 8
Issue 11
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher British Ecological Society
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Seattle
Description 8 p.
First page 1566
Last page 1573