Runoff and erosion on the Pajarito Plateau: Observations from the field

By: , and 
Edited by: Fraser GoffBarry S. KuesMargaret Anne RogersLes D. McFadden, and Jamie N. Gardner

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Abstract

Sites within the Pajarito Plateau have widespread, if low levels, of surface contamination. The major mechanism by which contaminants are moved and redistributed is surface runoff and associated soil erosion. To better understand the processes involved, we have been making detailed measurements of water and sediment movement at three sites across the plateau, one located in a ponderosa pine forest, one in a stable pinyon-juniper woodland, and one in a rapidly eroding pinyon-juniper woodland. For the ponderosa pine site, both surface runoff (overland flow) and subsurface runoff (interflow) are important. Overland flow can be generated by intense summer rain storms, more gentle frontal storms, or snowmelt while soils are frozen; interflow, although generated mostly by melting snow, can occur any time of the year. For the pinyon-juniper sites, the most important producer of runoff is summer thunderstorms, but at all scales snowmelt runoff can be important as well. The rapidly eroding pinyon juniper site produces more runoff than the stable pinyon-juniper site and hundreds of times more erosion than either the stable pinyon-juniper or the ponderosa site. These long-term studies are providing a better conceptual understanding of runoff and erosion on the Pajarito Plateau and other similar semiarid regions and enabling better assessments of the potential for contaminant transport in these systems.

Additional publication details

Publication type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Title Runoff and erosion on the Pajarito Plateau: Observations from the field
Year Published 1996
Language English
Publisher New Mexico Geological Society
Contributing office(s) Fort Collins Science Center
Description 7 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Conference publication
Larger Work Title New Mexico Geological Society Fall Field Conference Guidebook - 47: Jemez Mountains Region
First page 433
Last page 439
Conference Title New Mexico Geological Society, Forty-seventh Annual Field Conference
Conference Location Socorro, NM
Conference Date September 25-28, 1996
Country United States
State New Mexico
Other Geospatial Parajito Plateau