A systematic surveillance programme for infectious salmon anaemia virus supports its absence in the Pacific Northwest of the United States

Journal of Fish Diseases
By: , and 

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Abstract

In response to reported findings of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) in British Columbia (BC), Canada, in 2011, U.S. national, state and tribal fisheries managers and fish health specialists developed and implemented a collaborative ISAV surveillance plan for the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Accordingly, over a 3-1/2-year period, 4,962 salmonids were sampled and successfully tested by real-time reverse-transcription PCR. The sample set included multiple tissues from free-ranging Pacific salmonids from coastal regions of Alaska and Washington and farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) from Washington, all representing fish exposed to marine environments. The survey design targeted physiologically compromised or moribund animals more vulnerable to infection as well as species considered susceptible to ISAV. Samples were handled with a documented chain of custody and testing protocols, and criteria for interpretation of test results were defined in advance. All 4,962 completed tests were negative for ISAV RNA. Results of this surveillance effort provide sound evidence to support the absence of ISAV in represented populations of free-ranging and marine-farmed salmonids on the northwest coast of the United States.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title A systematic surveillance programme for infectious salmon anaemia virus supports its absence in the Pacific Northwest of the United States
Series title Journal of Fish Diseases
DOI 10.1111/jfd.12733
Volume 41
Issue 2
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Contributing office(s) Western Fisheries Research Center
Description 10 p.
First page 337
Last page 346
Country United States
Other Geospatial Pacific Northwest