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On factors influencing air-water gas exchange in emergent wetlands

Journal of Geophysical Research G: Biogeosciences

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https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JG004299

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Abstract

Knowledge of gas exchange in wetlands is important in order to determine fluxes of climatically and biogeochemically important trace gases and to conduct mass balances for metabolism studies. Very few studies have been conducted to quantify gas transfer velocities in wetlands, and many wind speed/gas exchange parameterizations used in oceanographic or limnological settings are inappropriate under conditions found in wetlands. Here six measurements of gas transfer velocities are made with SF6 tracer release experiments in three different years in the Everglades, a subtropical peatland with surface water flowing through emergent vegetation. The experiments were conducted under different flow conditions and with different amounts of emergent vegetation to determine the influence of wind, rain, water flow, waterside thermal convection, and vegetation on air-water gas exchange in wetlands. Measured gas transfer velocities under the different conditions ranged from 1.1 cm h−1 during baseline conditions to 3.2 cm h−1 when rain and water flow rates were high. Commonly used wind speed/gas exchange relationships would overestimate the gas transfer velocity by a factor of 1.2 to 6.8. Gas exchange due to thermal convection was relatively constant and accounted for 14 to 51% of the total measured gas exchange. Differences in rain and water flow among the different years were responsible for the variability in gas exchange, with flow accounting for 37 to 77% of the gas exchange, and rain responsible for up to 40%.

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Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
On factors influencing air-water gas exchange in emergent wetlands
Series title:
Journal of Geophysical Research G: Biogeosciences
DOI:
10.1002/2017JG004299
Volume:
123
Issue:
1
Year Published:
2018
Language:
English
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Contributing office(s):
National Research Program - Eastern Branch
Description:
15 p.
First page:
178
Last page:
192
Country:
United States
State:
Florida