Walleye recruitment success is less resilient to warming water temperatures in lakes with abundant largemouth bass populations

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
By: , and 

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Abstract

Lakes respond heterogeneously to climate, with implications for fisheries management. We analyzed walleye (Sander vitreus) recruitment to age-0 in 359 lakes in Wisconsin, USA, to (i) quantify the relationship between annual water temperature degree days (DD) and walleye recruitment success and (ii) identify the influence of lake characteristics — area, conductivity, largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) catch rates, and mean DD — on this relationship. The relationship between walleye recruitment and annual DD varied among lakes and was not distinguishable from zero overall (posterior mean = −0.11, 90% CI = −0.34, 0.15). DD effects on recruitment were negative in 198 lakes (55%) and positive in 161 (45%). The effect of annual DD was most negative in lakes with high largemouth bass densities, and, on average, the probability of recruitment was highest in large lakes with low largemouth bass densities. Conductivity and mean DD influenced neither recruitment nor the effect of annual DD. Walleye recruitment was most resilient to warming in lakes with few largemouth bass, suggesting that the effects of climate change depend on lake-specific food-web and habitat contexts.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Walleye recruitment success is less resilient to warming water temperatures in lakes with abundant largemouth bass populations
Series title Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
DOI 10.1139/cjfas-2016-0249
Volume 75
Issue 1
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher NRC Research Press
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Leetown
Description 10 p.
First page 106
Last page 115
Country United States
State Wisconsin