Examining natural attenuation and acute toxicity of petroleum-derived dissolved organic matter with optical spectroscopy
Groundwater samples containing petroleum-derived dissolved organic matter (DOMHC) originating from the north oil body within the National Crude Oil Spill Fate and Natural Attenuation Research Site near Bemidji, MN, USA were analyzed by optical spectroscopic techniques (i.e., absorbance and fluorescence) to assess relationships that can be used to examine natural attenuation and toxicity of DOMHC in contaminated groundwater. A strong correlation between the concentration of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and absorbance at 254 nm (a254) along a transect of the DOMHCplume indicates that a254 can be used to quantitatively assess natural attenuation of DOMHC. Fluorescence components, identified by parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis, show that the composition of the DOMHC beneath and adjacent to the oil body is dominated by aliphatic, low O/C compounds (“protein-like” fluorescence) and that the composition gradually evolves to aromatic, high O/C compounds (“humic-/fulvic-like” fluorescence) as a function of distance downgradient from the oil body. Finally, a direct, positive correlation between optical properties and Microtox acute toxicity assays demonstrates the utility of these combined techniques in assessing the spatial and temporal natural attenuation and toxicity of the DOMHC in petroleum-impacted groundwater systems.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Examining natural attenuation and acute toxicity of petroleum-derived dissolved organic matter with optical spectroscopy|
|Series title||Environmental Science & Technology|
|Publisher||American Chemical Society|
|Contributing office(s)||National Research Program - Eastern Branch|