Cracking the code of biodiversity responses to past climate change

Trends in Ecology and Evolution
By: , and 

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Abstract

How individual species and entire ecosystems will respond to future climate change are among the most pressing questions facing ecologists. Past biodiversity dynamics recorded in the paleoecological archives show a broad array of responses, yet significant knowledge gaps remain. In particular, the relative roles of evolutionary adaptation, phenotypic plasticity, and dispersal in promoting survival during times of climate change have yet to be clarified. Investigating the paleo-archives offers great opportunities to understand biodiversity responses to future climate change. In this review we discuss the mechanisms by which biodiversity responds to environmental change, and identify gaps of knowledge on the role of range shifts and tolerance. We also outline approaches at the intersection of paleoecology, genomics, experiments, and predictive models that will elucidate the processes by which species have survived past climatic changes and enhance predictions of future changes in biological diversity.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Cracking the code of biodiversity responses to past climate change
Series title Trends in Ecology and Evolution
DOI 10.1016/j.tree.2018.07.005
Volume 33
Issue 10
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Contributing office(s) Southwest Climate Science Center
Description 12 p.
First page 765
Last page 776