In support of projects for monitoring geomagnetic hazards for electric power grids, we develop a simple mathematical formalism, consistent with the time causality of deterministic physics, for estimating electric fields that are induced in the Earth's lithosphere during magnetic storms. For an idealized model of the lithosphere, an infinite half‐space having uniform electrical conductivity properties described by a galvanic tensor, we work in the Laplace‐transformed frequency domain to obtain a transfer function which, when convolved with measured magnetic field time series, gives an estimated electric field time series. Using data collected at the Kakioka, Japan observatory, we optimize lithospheric conductivity parameters by minimizing the discrepancy between model‐estimated electric field variation and that actually measured. With our simple model, we can estimate 87% of the variance in storm time Kakioka electric field data; a more complicated model of lithospheric conductivity would be required to estimate the remaining 13% of the variance. We discuss how our estimation formalism might be implemented for geographically coordinated real‐time monitoring of geoelectric fields.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Time causal operational estimation of electric fields induced in the Earth's lithosphere during magnetic storms|
|Series title||Geophysical Research Letters|
|Contributing office(s)||Geologic Hazards Science Center|