Velocity measurements were made for two time intervals on the Smith Glacier ice tongue (1973–88 and 1988–90) and three on the Dotson Ice Shelf (1972–88, 1973–88 and 1988–90). The Smith Glacier ice tongue velocities for the two intervals are similar near the grounding line but show a progressive increase toward the terminus in the late 1980s. The Dotson Ice Shelf velocities remained virtually constant during all three time intervals. The increased velocities of the Smith Glacier ice tongue may be attributed to a general loss of densely packed icebergs that buttressed the terminus during the 1970s but drifted out to sea during the late 1980s. The Smith Glacier ice tongue receded as much as 10 km between 1973 and 1988, the Dotson lee Shelf 5–7 km in the same time period. Similar observations of drifting and ca1ving were made for the adjacent Thwaites Glacier ice tongue. The cause of the loss of ice in the region is unknown but it may have been a change in winds or a warming of the air or water during the late 1980s.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Velocities of the Smith Glacier Ice Tongue and Dotson Ice Shelf, Walgreen Coast, Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica|
|Series title||Annals of Glaciology|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Contributing office(s)||Astrogeology Science Center|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|