California mallards: a review
Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) are the most abundant breeding waterfowl species in California and are important to waterfowl hunters in the state. California is unique among major North American wintering waterfowl areas, in that most mallards harvested in California are also produced in California, meaning that California must provide both high quality wintering and breeding habitats for mallard populations to remain stable. California’s breeding and wintering mallard population estimates have generally declined since the mid-1990s. Herein, we synthesized existing information on the ecology of breeding mallards in California and summarize key demographic rates. In general, demographic estimates differed substantially from other mallard populations in North America, highlighting the importance of separate management of western mallard populations. We suggest long-term research and monitoring activities to help improve management.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||California mallards: a review|
|Series title||California Fish and Game|
|Publisher||California Department of Fish and Wildlife|
|Contributing office(s)||Western Ecological Research Center|