Average velocities for time intervals ranging from < 1 to 15 years were measured by tracking ice-surface patterns on sequential Landsat and European Remote-sensing Satellite synthetic aperture radar images. Velocities ofThwaites Glacier range from 2.2 km a−1 above the grounding line to 3.4 km a−1 at the limit of measurements onThwaites Glacier ice tongue. The glacier increases in velocity by about 1 km a−1 where it crosses the grounding line. Over the period 1984-93, Thwaites Glacier ice tongue accelerated by about 0.6 kin a .Velocities of the floating part of several minor glaciers and some ice shelves are also determined: Land Glacier, 17—1.9 km a−1 ; DeVicq Glacier, 0.7-1.1 km a−1; Dotson Ice Shelf 0.2-0.5 km a−1; Gctz Ice Shelf, 0.2-0.8 km a−1; and Sulzberger Ice Shelf, 0.01 -0.02 km a−1. The high velocities along the Marie Byrd Land coast are consistent with the high precipitation rates over West Antarctica and, for some of the glaciers, the lack of buttressing ice shelves.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Velocities of the Pine Island, Thwaites, and smaller glaciers along the Marie Byrd Land coast, West Antarctica|
|Series title||Annals of Glaciology|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Contributing office(s)||Astrogeology Science Center|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|