Impacts of nonnative Brown Trout on Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout in a tributary stream

North American Journal of Fisheries Management
By:  and 



Nonnative trout are a considerable threat to native salmonids, yet our understanding of the mechanisms behind interspecific interactions remains limited. We evaluated the impacts of nonnative Brown Trout Salmo salar on a population of Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii bouvieri in Montana. We contrasted diets, growth, and survival of Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout occurring in allopatry (i.e., where no Brown Trout were present) with individuals sympatric (i.e., co‐occurring) with nonnative Brown Trout. We assessed summer and autumn diets using gastric lavage methods and survival and growth using mark–recapture analyses. Overlap in diets at sites where Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout were sympatric with Brown Trout was high during July (Horn's index: H = 0.94) and October (H = 0.83). In the presence of Brown Trout, Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout growth rates were significantly lower for juvenile (<175 mm) length and adult (≥175 mm) length and mass than in allopatric sites. Allopatric Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout survival was greater across size‐classes; the most pronounced difference was in the age‐2 size‐class (125–175 mm). Together, these results in concert with observed changes in length‐frequency data, indicating a considerable lack of Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout recruitment where they are sympatric with Brown Trout, suggest the negative implications of Brown Trout are notable.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Impacts of nonnative Brown Trout on Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout in a tributary stream
Series title North American Journal of Fisheries Management
DOI 10.1002/nafm.10244
Volume 39
Issue 1
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher American Fisheries Society
Contributing office(s) Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description 12 p.
First page 17
Last page 28
Country United States
State Montana
Other Geospatial Duck Creek
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional metadata about this publication, not found in other parts of the page is in this table