Clarification of the term “normal material” used for standard atomic weights (IUPAC Technical Report)

Pure and Applied Chemistry
By: , and 

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Abstract

The standard atomic weights of the elements apply to normal materials. Since 1984, the Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights (Commission) has defined a normal material as:

“The material is a reasonably possible source for this element or its compounds in commerce, for industry or science; the material is not itself studied for some extraordinary anomaly and its isotopic composition has not been modified significantly in a geologically brief period.”

The term “a geologically brief period” in this definition is confusing, and confusion can be reduced by revising this definition to the following, which was accepted by the Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights at its meeting in Groningen, Netherlands in September 2017:

Normal materials include all substances, except (1) those subjected to substantial deliberate, undisclosed, or inadvertent artificial isotopic modification, (2) extraterrestrial materials, and (3) isotopically anomalous specimens, such as natural nuclear reactor products from Oklo (Gabon) or other unique occurrences.”

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Clarification of the term “normal material” used for standard atomic weights (IUPAC Technical Report)
Series title Pure and Applied Chemistry
DOI 10.1515/pac-2017-0301
Volume 90
Issue 7
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher De Gruyter
Contributing office(s) National Research Program - Eastern Branch
Description 4 p.
First page 1221
Last page 1224