The liverwort flora of Attu Island, the westernmost Aleutian Island in the United States, was studied to assess species diversity in the hyperoceanic sector of the northern boreal subzone. The field study was undertaken in sites selected to represent a spectrum of environmental variation, primarily within the eastern part of the island. Data were analyzed using our own collections on Attu Island, supplemented with information from published reports to compare bryophyte distribution patterns at three levels, the Northern Hemisphere, North America, the Commander Islands of Russia, and Alaska. A total of 112 liverworts were identified and a substantial number, 34 species (30%), were new reports from Attu Island and one was new to Alaska. Geographic elements dominating the flora included arctomontane (26%), arctoboreomontane (23%), montane (20%), and boreal (14%) species, while arctic species were almost absent (1%). The liverworts of the Attu Island-Commander Islands region were widespread species with over 70% circumpolar, or nearly circumpolar; nevertheless large gaps were present in some of their distributions with a floristic depression in liverwort distribution between Attu and the Commander Islands.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Liverworts from Attu Island, Near Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska (USA) with comparison to the Commander Islands (Russia)|
|Series title||Botanica Pacifica|
|Contributing office(s)||Alaska Science Center Biology WTEB|
|Country||Russia, United States|
|Other Geospatial||Aleutian Islands, Attu Island, Commander Islands, Near Islands|