Ivanpah Valley is flanked by high mountain ranges, and represents one of the most imposing valleys of the eastern Mojave Desert. Its sinuous shape implies a complex origin as does the fact that it is not bordered by prominent range-front normal faults like valleys of the Basin and Range Province. In Addition, its deepest sedimentary basin is restricted to a small part of the valley near Nipton that does not coincide with the lowest part of the valley at Ivanpah Lake. The deep basin was caused by pull-apart at the intersection of two major strike-slip faults, the Stateline and Nipton faults. The northern part of the valley, in Nevada, probably resulted from normal faulting, and much of the normal faulting may have predated the strike-slip faulting. The southern valley, in California, is underlain by bedrock at shallow depths and is of uncertain origin. The dextral Stateline fault terminates at the sinistral Nipton fault, indicating that eastern California shear zone tectonics in this area consists of interwoven synthetic and antithetic faults, rather than through-going strike slip faults of a single orientation.