Lake trout spawning and habitat assessment at Stony Island Reef

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Abstract

Lake trout stocking began in the 1970s as part of a binational effort to restore a self-sustaining population of lake trout in Lake Ontario. Despite 48 years of restoration stocking, lake trout in Lake Ontario have not reestablished a self-sustaining population. Spawning surveys done at Stony Island Reef (SIR) in eastern Lake Ontario in 1987 and 1989 documented lake trout egg deposition and swim-up fry. Bottom trawls in the early 1990s found naturally-reproduced juvenile lake trout in this region of the lake. More recently, naturally-reproduced juveniles have been found in western Lake Ontario, but few have been found near SIR in the eastern basin. In 2017 and 2018, we examined SIR spawning habitat and lake trout egg deposition rates and compared them to historical values. The average interstitial depth observed in 2018 was less than 4 cm, and the maximum depth observed was 15 cm. These interstitial depths are greatly reduced from depths up to 45 cm reported in the 1980s. Only one egg was captured in 95 egg nets deployed during the spawning period, which resulted in a CPUE of 0.00035 eggs/net/day, markedly lower than the egg densities measured at SIR in 1987 and 1989 of (1.27 eggs/net/day and 0.27 eggs/net/day respectively). Observations of the cobble spawning habitat suggested interstitial spaces were more infilled relative to conditions observed in the 1980s. Infill material was heavily comprised of dreissenid mussels shells and shell fragments. These findings indicate that changes in lake trout spawning habitat may be inhibiting lake trout reproduction at SIR.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Lake trout spawning and habitat assessment at Stony Island Reef
Chapter 20
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC)
Contributing office(s) Great Lakes Science Center
Description 6 p.
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype State/Local Government Series
Larger Work Title NYSDEC Lake Ontario annual report 2018
First page 20-1
Last page 20-6
Country Canada, United States
Other Geospatial Lake Ontario, Stony Island Reef