We evaluated the prevalence of influenza A virus (IAV) in different species of bivalves inhabiting natural water bodies in waterfowl habitat along the Delmarva Peninsula and Chesapeake Bay in eastern Maryland. Bivalve tissue from clam and mussel specimens (Macoma balthica, Macoma phenax, Mulinia sp., Rangia cuneata, Mya arenaria, Guekensia demissa, and an undetermined mussel species) from five collection sites was analyzed for the presence of type A influenza virus by qPCR targeting the matrix gene. Of the 300 tissue samples analyzed, 13 samples (4.3%) tested positive for presence of influenza virus A matrix gene. To our knowledge, this is the first report of detection of IAV in the tissue of any bivalve mollusk from a natural water body.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Influenza A virus detected in native bivalves in waterfowl habitat of the Delmarva Peninsula, USA|
|Contributing office(s)||Leetown Science Center|
|State||Delaware, Maryland, Virginia|
|Other Geospatial||Chesapeake Bay, Delmarva Penninsula|