Influenza A virus detected in native bivalves in waterfowl habitat of the Delmarva Peninsula, USA

Microorganisms
By: , and 

Links

Abstract

We evaluated the prevalence of influenza A virus (IAV) in different species of bivalves inhabiting natural water bodies in waterfowl habitat along the Delmarva Peninsula and Chesapeake Bay in eastern Maryland. Bivalve tissue from clam and mussel specimens (Macoma balthicaMacoma phenaxMulinia sp., Rangia cuneataMya arenariaGuekensia demissa, and an undetermined mussel species) from five collection sites was analyzed for the presence of type A influenza virus by qPCR targeting the matrix gene. Of the 300 tissue samples analyzed, 13 samples (4.3%) tested positive for presence of influenza virus A matrix gene. To our knowledge, this is the first report of detection of IAV in the tissue of any bivalve mollusk from a natural water body.

Study Area

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Influenza A virus detected in native bivalves in waterfowl habitat of the Delmarva Peninsula, USA
Series title Microorganisms
DOI 10.3390/microorganisms7090334
Volume 7
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher MDPI
Contributing office(s) Leetown Science Center
Description 334, 7p.
Country United States
State Delaware, Maryland, Virginia
Other Geospatial Chesapeake Bay, Delmarva Penninsula