Estimating annual Ceratonova shasta mortality rates in juvenile Scott and Shasta River coho salmon that enter the Klamath River mainstem

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
By: , and 

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Abstract

The impacts of Ceratonova shasta on Klamath River salmonids have been the focus of tremendous research and monitoring over the past decade. Knowledge gained from the various studies has resulted in a growing suite of decision support tools that can be used to predict the prevalence of infection and mortality that can be expected from varying exposure concentrations to C. shasta waterborne spores, exposure durations, and water temperatures. More recent efforts have shown that when coupled with estimates of abundance and temporal migration timing, these tools can be used to predict population-level rates of annual mortality due to ceratomyxosis. In this report, we apply those tools to estimate annual mortality rates of juvenile Coho Salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch originating from the Scott and Shasta rivers that result from exposure to C. shasta in the mainstem Klamath River. Additionally, we simulate how a water management flow regime targeted to reduce disease risk may translate into differing estimates of mortality rates. In general, we found large variation among annual mortality rate estimates, ranging from 0% to 68% across both rivers and across all years considered in this investigation. Further, we estimate that fish from the Shasta River experienced higher mortality rates owning to their prolonged exposure history. Finally, our simulations suggest that the flow regime targeting reduced disease risk could be effective at reducing annual Coho Salmon mortality rate estimates, with the extent of the estimated reductions related to the timing of the onset of measurable in-river waterborne spore concentrations and the overlap with the Klamath River residence for each source population.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype Other Government Series
Title Estimating annual Ceratonova shasta mortality rates in juvenile Scott and Shasta River coho salmon that enter the Klamath River mainstem
Series number TR 2019-38
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Contributing office(s) Western Fisheries Research Center
Description iv, 18 p.
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype Other Government Series
Larger Work Title Arcata fisheries technical report number TR 2019-38
Country United States
State California, Oregon
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