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Magnetostratigraphy of the Eocene-Oligocene San Lorenzo and Vaqueros formations, Santa Cruz Mountains, California; implications for California biostratigraphic zonations

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Abstract

The San Lorenzo and Vaqueros formations in the Santa Cruz Mountains are the only place in the Pacific Coast that provide a superposed record of the middle Eocene to late Oligocene Narizian, Refugian, and Zemorrian benthic foraminiferal stages, and also yields planktonic microfossils that can be used to correlate these strata with the global time scale. Magnetic samples were taken from three stratigraphic sections spanning the entire formation: the type section of the Twobar Shale and Rices Mudstone members of the San Lorenzo Formation at Kings Creek, the thickest section along the San Lorenzo River, and the upper part of the section along Zayante Creek. After overprinting was removed, a stable remanence was obtained which passed a reversal test and fold test. Our results suggest an age of 36.5 Ma for the early/late Narizian boundary, 35.5 Ma for the Narizian/Refugian boundary, 32.5 Ma for the Refugian/Zemorrian boundary, and 30.0 Ma for the early/late Zemorrian boundary, consistent with results reported from other regions. However, the beginning of the Vaqueros Stage is demonstrably time transgressive, with typical Vaqueros molluscs (e.g., Turritella inezana) first occurring as early as 29.5 Ma in the Santa Cruz Mountains, while they first occur at 27.5 Ma in Ventura County, and 17.5 Ma in Orange County, California.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Magnetostratigraphy of the Eocene-Oligocene San Lorenzo and Vaqueros formations, Santa Cruz Mountains, California; implications for California biostratigraphic zonations
ISBN 1-878861-84-0
Volume 91
Year Published 2001
Language English
Publisher Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Pacific Section
Description 15 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Pacific Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists
First page 154
Last page 168
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