Postseismic deformation following the 1989 (M = 7.1): Loma Prieta, California, earthquake

Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth
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Abstract

Postseismic deformation along a 90‐km profile bisecting the projected surface trace of the coseismic rupture of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake has been monitored by frequent GPS surveys for 3.3 years following the earthquake. In addition to the expected deformation associated with secular strain accumulation on the San Andreas and Calaveras faults, deformation associated with postseismic readjustment has been detected. Most of that deformation can be attributed to 1.5 m right‐lateral and 0.9 m reverse postseismic slip on a 5‐km‐wide downdip extension of the Loma Prieta rupture. In addition, there seems to be a 0.1 m postseismic collapse of the Loma Prieta rupture zone in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the rupture. The fault‐normal (N48°E) surface displacements plotted as a function of time exhibit a curvature suggesting a relaxation time of about 1.4 years. Similar plots of the fault‐parallel (N42°W) displacement components do not exhibit significant curvature. Presumably, the deformation shown in those plots is dominated by secular strain accumulation along the San Andreas and Calaveras faults rather than postseismic relaxation.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Postseismic deformation following the 1989 (M = 7.1): Loma Prieta, California, earthquake
Series title Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth
DOI 10.1029/94JB00507
Volume 99
Issue B7
Year Published 1994
Language English
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Contributing office(s) Earthquake Science Center
Description 9 p.
First page 13757
Last page 13765
Country United States
State California
Other Geospatial Loma Prieta
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