Precise distance measurements of a 10×25 km 15‐station trilateration network that spans the San Andreas fault west of Palmdale, California, have been repeated annually in the period 1971–1975. The network appears to be deforming under simple uniform tensor shear of about 0.21±0.03 μstrain/yr with the direction of maximum right‐lateral shear parallel to the local strike of the San Andreas fault. Comparison of trilateration with triangulation surveys of the same network shows that the rate of strain accumulation has been constant over the past 40 yr. The strain accumulation can be explained by conventional dislocation models (i.e., slip at depth beneath a locked section) of the San Andreas fault with 30‐ to 50‐mm/yr slip. Leveling surveys along a 16‐km line that crosses the fault at Palmdale indicate significant changes in tilt but with frequent reversals, so that no net tilt has accumulated in the overall period 1935–1975.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Strain accumulation on the San Andreas Fault near Palmdale, California|
|Series title||Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth|
|Publisher||American Geophysical Union|
|Contributing office(s)||Earthquake Science Center|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|