The important role of pore pressure in promoting such brittle processes as cataclasis, hydraulic fracturing, large‐scale faulting, and earthquakes within the crust is widely accepted in geology and geophysics [, 1957; , 1959; , 1958; ., 1963; , 1968; ., 1968; ., 1976; , 1973, 1980; , 1981]. Provided that fluid pressure is fully communicated with rock pore space, the effective normal stresses that control crack growth, macroscopic fracture, and friction are reduced by the magnitude of the fluid pressui'e. Beyond this physical effect of pore fluids, there are chemical effects of water on the strength of rocks that are also important in governing differential stresseg and flow in the continental crust. Some of these chemical effects of water on rock deformation have long been recognized.
Additional publication details
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Introduction and digest to the Special Issue on Chemical Effects of Water on the Deformation and Strengths of Rocks|
|Series title||Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth|
|Publisher||American Geophysical Union|
|Contributing office(s)||Earthquake Science Center|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|