Climate change can drive marine diseases

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Abstract

As an ultimate driver of marine ecosystem processes, climate change is expected to influence proximate disease drivers in marine systems. The observable effects of climate change, including changes in temperature, hypoxia, CO2 accumulation, precipitation, and storm and cyclone frequencies and intensities, may directly act as proximate drivers of marine disease, especially in poikilotherms. These climate-driven changes are expected to result in the active and passive movement of pathogens and hosts into previously naïve geographical areas, thereby disrupting the long-evolved, stable host–pathogen relationships. Additionally, large-scale ecological changes stemming from climate change are expected to impact pathogen virulence and host susceptibilities. These real and anticipated changes present evolving challenges for resource managers who are charged with managing stochastic marine diseases in a constantly changing environment.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Climate change can drive marine diseases
Chapter 5
DOI 10.1093/oso/9780198821632.003.0005
Year Published 2020
Language English
Publisher Oxford University Press
Contributing office(s) Western Fisheries Research Center
Description 12 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Marine disease ecology
First page 83
Last page 94
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