Alleghanian deformation, metamorphism, and granite emplacement in the central Piedmont of the southern Appalachians

American Journal of Science
By: , and 

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Abstract

Evidence of late Paleozoic (Alleghanian) penetrative deformation, amphilbolite-facies, metamorphism, and syntectonic granite emplacement has been found in an area of the central Piedmont in the southern Appalachians. The High Shoals Granite batholith in the Kings Mountain belt of south-central North Carolina consists of coarse-grained, megacrystic biotite granite with a strong, nearly vertical, gneissoid, foliation, defined by parallel feldspar megacrysts and biotite. U-Ph isotopic data on zircons from the granite yield a concordant age of 317 Ma (Pennsylvanian). This pervasively deformed late Paleozoic granite in the central Piedmont is far west of those known in the Kiokee and Raleigh belts. Field relationships indicate that the High Shoals Granite was emplaced during the late stages of regional F2 folding, close in time to the thermal peak of amphibolite-facies metamorphism. Mineral assemblages typical of Barrovian metamorphism are found in zones of decreasing grade away from the High Shoals contact. These zones, delimited by a kyanite(out)-sillimanite (in) isograd which completely surrounds the batholith and by part of a regional chloritoid (out)-staurolite (in) isograd west and southwest of it, conform to the shape of the batholith and cut across F2 folds. Furthermore, hornblendes from epidoteamphibolite facies to upper amphibolite facies metamorphic rocks in the Kings Mountain belt of North Carolina and South Carolina yield 40Ar/39Ar plateau ages of 318 to 323 Ma. These dates are analytically the same as the crystallization age of High Shoals Granite as established of zireon using the U-Ph method and demonstrate the synchroneity of intrusion of the High Shoals with the dominant regional metamorphism in this part of the Kings Mountain belt. 

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Alleghanian deformation, metamorphism, and granite emplacement in the central Piedmont of the southern Appalachians
Series title American Journal of Science
DOI 10.2475/ajs.287.6.635
Volume 287
Issue 6
Year Published 1987
Language English
Publisher AJS
Contributing office(s) Eastern Geology and Paleoclimate Science Center, Florence Bascom Geoscience Center
Description 26 p.
First page 635
Last page 660
Country United States
Other Geospatial Southern Appalachians
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