Synopsis of research programs that can provide baseline and monitoring information for offshore energy activities in the Pacific region: Seabird and marine mammal surveys in the Pacific region

BOEM
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Abstract

We assembled and tabulated information about marine bird and mammal research and monitoring programs that could provide data needed to support environmental risk assessments. This included identifying ongoing or completed research programs that contain information on species and habitats sensitive to offshore energy activities and that could provide baseline and monitoring data to understand and mitigate potential impacts of offshore energy development in the Southern California Planning Area, Washington-Oregon Planning Area, and the Hawaiian OCS of the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM). When available, we also included information regarding programs in Alaska, but the catalog for Alaska is not comprehensive. We included programs that assessed the distribution, abundance, or biology of marine birds (seabirds, waterbirds, or sea ducks) and marine mammals (cetaceans, pinnipeds, and sea otters), some of which are protected species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA of 1973) or the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA of 1972). We canvassed data providers with spreadsheet or web-based survey forms. The marine bird survey returned information on research and monitoring efforts for 28 parameters across 46 species from 36 entities. The marine mammal survey returned information on research and monitoring efforts for 24 parameters across 22 marine mammal species from 22 entities. We tabulated the parameters by species to show which parameters are most commonly measured and where there might be information gaps. Both marine bird and marine mammal research and monitoring are widespread throughout the Pacific, with 535 entries for marine mammals and 1,911 entries for marine birds. Although we provide summaries of key aspects within research and monitoring programs, the associated database can be further queried in several ways. Versioning of this database format essentially creates a “living database” that can be updated in the future as new information becomes available.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype Other Government Series
Title Synopsis of research programs that can provide baseline and monitoring information for offshore energy activities in the Pacific region: Seabird and marine mammal surveys in the Pacific region
Series number 2019-042
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher BOEM
Contributing office(s) Western Ecological Research Center
Description v, 54 p.
Country United States
State California, Oregon, Washington
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