Wetland and hydric soils

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Abstract

Soil and the inherent biogeochemical processes in wetlands contrast starkly with those in upland forests and rangelands. The differences stem from extended periods of anoxia, or the lack of oxygen in the soil, that characterize wetland soils; in contrast, upland soils are nearly always oxic. As a result, wetland soil biogeochemistry is characterized by anaerobic processes, and wetland vegetation exhibits specific adaptations to grow under these conditions. However, many wetlands may also have periods during the year where the soils are unsaturated and aerated. This fluctuation between aerated and nonaerated soil conditions, along with the specialized vegetation, gives rise to a wide variety of highly valued ecosystem services.

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Wetland and hydric soils
Chapter 6
DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-45216-2_6
Year Published 2020
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Description 28 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Forest and rangeland soils of the United States under changing conditions
First page 99
Last page 126
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