The controversy about salmon hatcheries

Fisheries Magazine
By: , and 



The use of hatcheries has been a subject of lengthy debate in the management of salmon and trout resources in the Pacific Northwest. The problem has resulted in part from the wide distribution of hatchery fish in circumstances where natural populations were disadvantaged by management policy involving hatchery fish and the confusion of the effects of management with the effects of artificial propagation. Recently, the controversy has been epitomized by the recommendations to fisheries management agencies that excess hatchery fish should not be allowed to spawn in the wild, and hatchery fish should be excluded from salmon populations listed under the Endangered Species Act. The authors of the present article disagree with those recommendations and conclude that hatchery fish have an important role in recovery and supplementation of wild stocks. The present article is an attempt to help give balance to the discussion by providing a different perspective on hatchery fish and the literature pertaining to artificial propagation.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title The controversy about salmon hatcheries
Series title Fisheries Magazine
DOI 10.1577/1548-8446(2004)29[12:TCASH]2.0.CO;2
Volume 29
Issue 9
Year Published 2004
Language English
Publisher American Fisheries Society
Contributing office(s) Western Fisheries Research Center
Description 20 p.
First page 12
Last page 31
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