Differences in mosquito communities in six cities in Oklahoma

Journal of Medical Entomology
By: , and 

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Abstract

Vector-borne diseases in the United States have recently increased as a result of the changing nature of vectors, hosts, reservoirs, pathogens, and the ecological and environmental conditions. Current information on vector habitats and how mosquito community composition varies across space and time is vital to successful vector-borne disease management. This study characterizes mosquito communities in urban areas of Oklahoma, United States, an ecologically diverse region in the southern Great Plains. Between May and September 2016, 11,996 female mosquitoes of 34 species were collected over 798 trap nights using three different trap types in six Oklahoma cities. The most abundant species trapped were Culex pipiens L. complex (32.4%) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) (12.0%). Significant differences among mosquito communities were detected using analysis of similarities (ANOSIM) between the early (May–July) and late (August–September) season. Canonical correlation analysis (CCA) further highlighted the cities of Altus and Idabel as relatively unique mosquito communities, mostly due to the presence of Aedes aegypti (L.) and salt-marsh species and absence of Aedes triseriatus (Say) in Altus and an abundance of Ae. albopictus in Idabel. These data underscore the importance of assessing mosquito communities in urban environments found in multiple ecoregions of Oklahoma to allow customized vector management targeting the unique assemblage of species found in each city.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Differences in mosquito communities in six cities in Oklahoma
Series title Journal of Medical Entomology
DOI 10.1093/jme/tjz039
Volume 56
Issue 5
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher Oxford Academic
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Atlanta
Description 9 p.
First page 1395
Last page 1403
Country United States
State Oklahoma
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