Mineral potential mapping in an accreted island-arc setting using aeromagnetic data: An example from southwest Alaska

Economic Geology
By: , and 

Links

Abstract

The distribution of volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS), porphyry-epithermal, Alaska-type ultramafic-mafic complexes, intrusion-related Au, and granitoid Sn-W ore deposits in southwest Alaska supports current metallogenic models linking the formation of these deposit types to the emplacement of different suites of igneous rocks during the evolution of this convergent plate margin. Regional-scale aeromagnetic data provide a continuous set of observations over the deposits and show contrasting patterns over the igneous rock suites hosting the various deposit types. Combined with surface geologic data and regional metallogenic constraints, aeromagnetic data—filtered to enhance the anomalous magnetic field and map magnetic domains—were used to produce a mineral potential map across this accreted island-arc setting. The reduced-to-pole, upward continuation, and total horizontal gradient transform maps show anomalies that could represent porphyry-epithermal deposits within the intraoceanic- and continental-arc terranes. The tilt derivative transform highlights lineaments within the back arc that may represent zones with potential for VMS deposits. The truncations of tilt derivative lineaments outline a major magnetic domain boundary between the back-arc and craton margin, which is prospective for granitoid Sn-W deposits. Annular tilt derivative highs outline granitoids that could be associated with intrusion-related Au deposits within the craton margin. Shallow, magnetite-rich Alaska-type ultramafic-mafic complexes are mapped by their short-wavelength, high-amplitude anomalies. Successful mineral potential mapping across southwestern Alaska as performed in the present study suggests that filtered aeromagnetic data can be effectively used in mineral exploration in convergent continental margin settings.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Mineral potential mapping in an accreted island-arc setting using aeromagnetic data: An example from southwest Alaska
Series title Economic Geology
DOI 10.2113/econgeo.112.2.375
Volume 112
Issue 2
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher Geological Society of America
Contributing office(s) Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center
Description 22 p.
First page 375
Last page 396
Country United States
State Alaska
Google Analytics Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details