Virome of bat guano from nine northern California roosts

Journal of Virology
By: , and 

Links

Abstract

Bats are hosts to a large variety of viruses, including many capable of cross species transmissions to other mammals or humans. We characterized the virome in guano from five common bat species in 9 Northern California roosts and a pool of 5 individual bats. Genomes belonging to 14 viral families known to infect mammals and 17 viral families infecting insects or of unknown tropism were detected. Near or complete genomes of a novel parvovirus, astrovirus, nodavirus, CRESS-DNA viruses and densoviruses and more partial genomes of a novel alphacoronavirus, and bunyavirus were characterized. Lower numbers of reads with >90% amino acid identity to previously described calicivirus, circovirus, adenoviruses, hepatovirus, bocaparvoviruses, and polyomavirus in other bat species were also found likely reflecting their wide distribution among different bats. Unexpectedly a few sequence reads of canine parvovirus 2 and the recently described mouse kidney parvovirus were also detected and their presence confirmed by PCR possibly originating from guano contamination by carnivores and rodents. The majority of eukaryotic viral reads were highly divergent indicating that numerous viruses still remain to be characterized even from such a heavily investigated order as Chiroptera.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Virome of bat guano from nine northern California roosts
Series title Journal of Virology
DOI 10.1128/JVI.01713-20
Volume 95
Issue 3
Year Published 2020
Language English
Publisher American Society for Microbiology
Contributing office(s) Western Ecological Research Center
Description 8 p.
First page e01713
Last page e01720
Country United States
State California
Other Geospatial Northern California
Google Analytics Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details